Рынок ТБД — перспективы

Опубликовано 11 Янв 2013 | 2 776 коммент.

Основное место применения труб большого диаметра (ТБД) — это строительство магистральных газопроводов. Активный рост рынка ТБД в РФ начался в 2007 году. Своего максимального объема рынок достиг 2011 году, а уже в 2012 производители труб большого диаметра ощутили существенное снижение спроса на ТБД, что связано с завершением некоторых крупных проектов Газпрома. В 2010-2011 гг. внутренний спрос на ТБД составлял около 3,5 миллионов тонн в год, а в 2012 г. всего 1,9 млн. тонн. Такое снижение объемов рынка весьма негативно повляло на крупнейших производителей ТБД, ранее вложившихся в развитие своих производственных мощностей по производству данного сортамента труб.

Благодаря принятым решениям о строительстве в 2013-2018 гг. газопроводов «Южного потока» (2,4 тыс. км) и Восточной газовопрограмме (строительство газопровода от Чаяндинского месторождения до Владивостока — 3,2 тыс. км) в ближайшей перспективе можно ожидать некоторого роста на рынке труб ТБД. Ориентировочно емкость рынка в 2013-2014 г. составит примерно 2,5 млн. тонн в год.

Строительство Южного потока будет наиболее сложным проектом — 925 км трубопровода пройдут по дну Черного моря, для чего потребуются трубы, способные выдержать высокое давление, диаметром 810 мм (обычно для газопроводов использовали трубы диаметром 1200-1420 мм) со стенками толщиной 40 мм. Техническая возможность производства данных труб имеется у заводов ЧТПЗ, ВМЗ и ИТЗ, а у ТМК данная возможность в настоящее время отсутствует.

Для газопровода Чаянды-Владивосток будут использоваться трубы более стандартного размера (диаметр 1420 мм) и поставлять их смогут все производители ТБД в РФ.

Наибольшую выгоду от данных проектов получит ММК, как поставщик толстолистового проката — загрузка Стана 5000 увеличится с 60% в 2012 году до примерно 80% уже в 2015 г.

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